ABOUT THE CONFERENCE
We are excited to welcome delegates once more at CENTRAL INDIA’S largest MUN conference. In the 3nd Edition of DPSRMUN, we persist to stimulate global-mindedness in young leaders, instilling in them the values of excellence and commitment. DPSRMUN 2023 is the place where debate and deliberation will embrace to reach a prolific resolution.
A place to grow,
A place of learning
Envision , Empower, Exceed….It’s yours!!
Delhi Public School Rau Model United Nations (DPSRMUN) run exclusively by DPSR undergrads students, we proffer delegates an unmatched opportunity and prospect to debate, negotiate and collaborate with other peers in advancing today’s pivotal political, cultural and economic and social issues. DPSR welcomes both beginners and seasoned delegates to its conference. With Committees varying from Historical crises to specialized committees, DPSR provides copious multiplicity of international affairs for students of all skill levels. We cannot wait to collaborate with students every dazzling summer in our pursuit to extend innovative solutions for the most taxing topics that the world offer.
For three days, these delegates will debate, write resolutions and negotiate pressing global issues in an attempt to resolve them. DPSRMUN reflects the superlative quality of debate that we hope to continue at this year’s conference too.
Since 2019, DPSRMUN conference is managed wholly by members of the student body. We strives to uphold this same standard of excellence and to thus continue this noble intention. A truly committed delegate will always leave the conference with a further enhanced sense of confidence, a greater comprehension of our world as an integral whole and sharpened debating skills.
The theme for the event is: Envision, Empower, Exceed….It’s yours!!
To reproduce the mechanism of the real United Nations. It brings together students, who take on the roles of ambassadors representing various nations in the world. DPSRMUN is based on the deep-seated ideas of tact, fairness and self- expression. It is these standards, carried forth by the gusto and vigor of youth, which serve to form the base for our Model United Nations. It is an intricately woven tapestry of global issues, ethics and ideals. According to the United Nations Charter, The United Nations is “a center for harmonizing the actions of nations”.
DPSRMUN strives to uphold this same standard of excellence and to thus continue this noble intention. Beyond doubt dedicated delegate will always leave the conference with a further enhanced sense of confidence, a greater comprehension of our world as an integral whole and sharpened debating skills.
DPSRMUN strives to achieve:
- Divulging high school students to issues facing the international Community and various strategies to address those issues.
- Connecting a diverse group of students who are interested in international affairs.
DPSRMUN offers students a chance to engage in intellectual conversation and debate at a top notch school.
Although DPS Rau is young and its students consistently engage in high-caliber learning; in fact, Education world School Ranking, ranked DPS Rau among the top schools in central India and Ranked 1 in India for her campus design.
You can find excellent committee leadership, social events, and intellectual participation at DPSRMUN.
Our bright and knowledgeable volunteers constantly dedicated their time and energy in order to host a flawless conference.
If your school has never been to the 6 TIME WINNER city OF SWATCH Bharat i.e. Indore, now’s the time to go!
DPSRMUN offers an impressive conference set on a scenic, captivating campus that will allow students to fully enjoy their delegate experience…
CODE OF CONDUCT
Team reserves the right to dismiss any participant from the conference due to infringement of any regulation.
Although Delhi Public School Rau Model United Nations is an educational exercise intended for young people, delegates are simulating the Councils, Commissions and Conferences of the United Nations. Thus, for the period of the conference, they must be regarded as diplomats and ambassadors for the country they are representing, as well as representatives of their individual schools. This demands a high standard of personal conduct and behavior from all delegates, both during the conference sessions and outside it.
MUN-Coordinator /Teacher escort Responsibilities and Conduct
All students must be accompanied by, and are the responsibility of, the designated MUN-Coordinator. A MUN-coordinator /teacher escort must be a teacher at the school, or at one of the schools from which the delegation comes.
DPSRAU strictly implement the following code of conduct at the conference: Language English is the official and working language of all committees during debate at DPSRMUN
Conduct during the Conference
Formal dress, i.e. the kind of clothes that real UN diplomats might be expected to wear when attending UN sessions, is required at all meetings. It must be noted that it is essential for MUN-Coordinators and Teacher Escort to adhere to the dress code as well. In order not to cause offense to other delegates, national dress, military uniforms and armbands are forbidden.
Delegates and teachers must be courteous at all times to the school staff and to the DPSRMUN Organizational and Administrative Staff, most of whom are volunteers giving up many hours of their own time to serve the delegates.
Committees and Agendas
|1.||Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC)||Impact of emerging technologies on disarmament and arms control.|
|2.||United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)||The usage of unmanned aerial vehicles and robotic remote controlled combat devices are gross violations of International Humanitarian Laws (War Laws).|
|3.||Economic and Financial Affairs Council (ECOFIN)||Reanalysing the international response to deregulated financial instruments in the wake of the FTX Scandal.|
|4.||United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)||Efficient administration and enforcement of PEACE, JUSTICE AND STRONG INSTITUTIONS (SDG 16) in developing countries in accordance with the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations.|
|5.||Lok Sabha||The Energy Conservation (Amendment) Bill, 2022|
|6.||Crisis Committee||Cold War|
|7.||United Nations Security Council (UNSC)||Promoting sustainable peace and security in conflict-affected regions, with special emphasis on Middle East.|
|8.||Press crops Report writing Photography/videography Illustration|
|Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC)|
|United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)|
|Economic and Financial Affairs Council (ECOFIN)|
|United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)|
Crisis Committees at DPSRMUN are a diverse set of committees that will simulate issues ranging from historical events to future issues. Generally suited for advanced delegates, crisis committees are a unique opportunity for delegates to practice thinking on their feet and creative problem-solving.
2. United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
Peace is not merely a distant goal that we seek, but a means by which we arrive at that goal”
|The Press is a medium to communicate the discussions that are often held in whispered voices of powerful people and closed doors to the rest of the world – we refine this political gobbledygook and complexities of diplomacy and present them in their truest form for the general populace. A voice that shouts and screams the truth, no matter how harsh – but the Press listens, too. For these three days, pupils become world leaders and change makers, a new generation of photographers and videographers capture the highlights of the conference, testaments to the memories created at DPSRMUN, capturing both uproarious and grave instants with ease. With effervescent, vibrant, committees and vigorous, dynamic calls for action, gusto and infatuation fill up every cleft of the conference, and the liveliness infuses itself into every delegate, both fresh-faced, first timers and serious veterans.|
1. Report writing
The report writing department is not simply clacking keys behind a screen –researching to find unconventional angles to an issue, and hysterically keeping up with all committee progress, in order to deliver to our readers the highest quality of writing possible. Being a part of this department is a truly fulfilling experience; after infuriated brainstorming, initial drafts, editing and feedback, seeing your name in glossy print, deftly placed alongside the best photographs and illustrations, is an unspeakable thrill. Most importantly, being a writing delegate will grant you a vibrant community of writers, among whom you have weathered challenging deadlines and continuously reinforced your love for writing.
All one really needs to become a delegate of photography is creativity, and an eye for detailing. Photography at this year’s DPSRMUN will feature both thematic, as well as abstract photos, allowing delegates to express their views and ideas, and provide some room for artistic expression. So, as a member of the photography committee, you will not only be guided to improve your photography skills, but you will also be given the freedom to channel your own feelings into your images.
(Art is not what you see, but what you make others see.)
It permits one to reflect upon the opulence of life’s tacit /fine points and analysis the world around us, without using a single word. Most importantly, it evokes and expresses emotions, feelings and thoughts that may be otherwise mucky into the muddled nature of today’s day and age. if you’re someone who wants to take inspiration from your surroundings, strap on your artistic lens and embrace your unique perspective, we encourage you to join the illustration department at DPSRMUN 2023; our weapons are our pencils and the globe our canvas. We invite artists, regardless of art style or skill, to be part of our vibrant medley of creators, whose brilliant ideas and abilities come together to make up a proud community. Join us on an adventure of expression, exploration and excitement as we tell the story of the conference and pressing global issues through the exuberant pages of the UDAAN 2023
|Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC)||Chair – Addhyan Sharma
Vice Chair – Mahek Rijhwani
|United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)||Chair – Ashwin Samuel
Vice Chair – Prachi Gang
|Economic and Financial Affairs Council (ECOFIN)||Chair – Ram Sharma
Vice Chair – Sahil Chawla
|United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)||Chair – Anushka Sahay
Vice Chair – Vishal Parashar
|Lok Sabha||Chair – Utkarsh Thanwar
Vice Chair – Ansh Jain
|Crisis||Chair – Sarthak Singh
Vice Chair – Rishika Surya
|United Nations Security Council (UNSC)||Chair – Siddhanth Nair
Vice Chair – Aarushi Dixit
Meet Our Secretariat
Prabhgun Kaur Bhatia
Head of Organising Committee
Jay Singh Bhadoriya
Head of Logistics
- Conference schedule: March 31 to April 2, 2023
- Preferred Delegates from Grade VIII-XII
- Delegate Fee : Rs. 2000/-
- Study Guide will be uploaded : March 18, 2023
- Registration Deadline: March 20, 2023
- Conference Fees Due : March 23, 2023
- Position Paper Deadline: March 27, 2023
DPSR Procedure Handbook
These pages provide delegates with information that will help with preparation and day-of events. We’ve included a tentative schedule, conference policies, and information for delegates on how to prepare for committee. If there are any questions or concerns, please feel free to contact us
Position Paper Guidelines
|Photography and Videography||Photography or Videography in committee sessions by faculty /escort teachers and other delegates during the course of the conference is strictly prohibited.|
|Discrimination||Discrimination or harassment based on sex, sexual orientation, race, marital status, gender identity or expression, creed, age, colour, disability, political or religious belief by any conference participant will not be tolerated under any circumstances.|
|Pre-Writing||All clauses must be written in committee, with no exceptions. Any delegate found having pre-written parts of resolutions will be barred from consideration for awards.|
|Laptops||Delegates are not allowed to use internet during the committee session.|
|Dress Code||Day 1. School Uniform |
Day 2: Western formal
Lok Sabha : Indian Tradition.
Day 3: School Uniform
|Position Papers and Research||Position papers are due on March 27, 2023. More information regarding submissions can be found in individual background guides. See the “Position Paper Guidelines” page for more information and submission instructions. Delegates must submit position paper to be eligible for awards.|
|Plagiarism||Plagiarism is not tolerated at DPSRMUN. Any position papers, speeches, or draft resolutions that are determined to be plagiarized will be reported to faculty advisors and the Secretariat team and the responsible delegate(s) will not be eligible for awards.|
8:00 AM – 9:00 AM
Breakfast at Santrupti
9:00 AM – 10:00 AM
10:00 AM – 10:15 AM
Delegates assembly committee wise (for March)
10:20 AM – 10: 35 AM
10:40 AM – 12:00 Noon
12:00 PM – 2 PM
Committees in Session
2:00 PM – 2:45 PM
2:50 PM – 5 PM
Committees in Session
|8.00 AM – 9:00 AM||Breakfast at Santrupti|
|9:00 AM – 1:00 PM||Committees in Session|
|11:00 AM – 11:30 AM||Short Break|
|1:00 PM – 2:30 PM||Lunch|
|2: 30 PM – 5:00 PM||Committees in Session|
|6:00 PM – 7:30 PM||Cultural Night|
|8.00 AM – 9:00 AM||Breakfast at Santrupti|
|9 AM – 12:00 PM||Committees in Session|
|12:00 PM – 1:30 PM||Lunch|
|1: 30 PM – 4:.00 PM||Committees in Session|
|4:00 PM – 5:30 PM||Closing ceremony|
WHAT IS A POSITION PAPER?
The Position Paper is a brief and concise description of a State’s position and priorities for a given committee. It is, quite literally, the communication of the position of a country on the topic discussed in your Committee.
In order to begin your research and have in-depth knowledge on your country and its stance, here are some steps that will help you begin your research:
- Take a look at the country profile, its physical geography: Who does it share border with? What region of the world is it in? Recommended website: the CIA World Fact book(very important resource guide)
- The country’s politics and government; answering questions such as: What type of government does the country have? When was it founded? How big is the military? What are your countries allies/enemies?
- It is important to also take into consideration the country’s culture in your research: What is the country’s population? How many ethnicities (traditions) exist within it? What are the major practiced religions in your country?
- Finally take a look at your country in an economic perspective, taking into account its GDP, major exports and imports, its trading partners and its natural resources. Recommended: World Bank Data. All of this will help you get a clear idea of the country you will be representing before starting your research on the specific topic debated in committee.
Point to heed: • MUN are formal events, and require a formal language; • Use simple, direct, language for a more effective communication; • Have a structured, well-argued and concise text (with an introduction, main body and conclusion);
- Suggest solutions (the best position papers are the ones that provide a basis for Working Papers and Draft Resolutions); • Use statistics to back up your country’s stance (you can also use, for example, quotes from the UN Charter; agreements/resolutions your Member State has ratified; quotes from statements made by your Head of State, Head of Government, ministers, delegates to the UN, and any other relevant international documents);
- Do NOT use the first person in a Position Paper. Instead simply use the country’s name, delegation’s name or alternatively expressions such as “our government”, “our country”, “our nation”.
How to Submit Your Position Paper
2.The subject of the email should be the following: Position Paper [Committee Abbreviation] [Allocated Country] Attached, there should be the Position Paper, in accordance with the rules, in PDF format, preferably with the following name: [Abbreviation Committee] _[Country]_[Surname]_[First Name].pdf
Position Paper or Opening Statement
A Position Paper is an abbreviated version of your country’s position on the topic to be debated. If your committee has two or more topics you should choose one topic as a focus in your Position paper.
Writing a Position Paper forces you to articulate an abbreviated statement of your country’s position, which helps you to think, and to debate. Also, other delegates, hearing your country’s position, then know whether they should lobby with you in order to create a Resolution.
One minute maximum
In all likelihood, you will only deliver one Position Paper. Prior to debate on Day One of theconference, the Committee Chair will call on delegates in the Committee to read a position Paper to the rest of the Committee. The purpose is to give other delegates a summary of your country’s stand, so that caucusing or lobbying (which follows the reading of Position Papers) is easier to conduct because you have heard other countries positions on the issues. Logically your Position Paper should mirror the main Operative Clauses you would propose in a Resolution. However, keep your Position Paper brief, prioritize, and include only the main points, such that you can
Example of a Position Paper
Committee: Legal (General Assembly’s Sixth Committee)
Country: Republic of Turkey
Topic: The Settlement of International Disputes to which International Organisations are Party In the era of globalization, no problem is solely a domestic one, for it affects a diversity of entities, and creates a shift in dynamics. Therefore, both the increase in violence of the last few years, and the overwhelming need to invest in durable peace are constantly a priority for Turkey.
With over 3 million refugees currently in our State (making us the host of the largest refugee population in the world), we understand the necessity of somehow being able to hold accountable the numerous international organizations that intervene at our side and within our borders, whether with humanitarian or military purposes, so as to make sure human rights are respected and remain the priority.
When it comes to international disputes, we believe mediation has proved to be by far the most cost effective and adequate means of dispute settlement, to which we add the benefit of its peaceful nature. Finding a balance between confidentiality and transparency, and or peace and justice, is fundamental. Turkey and Greece have achieved a very positive level in their relations (contrary to the state of affairs a decade ago), and are a tangible example of how mediation is the means of dispute settlement of a peaceful future.
In today’s world, we have a larger than ever diversity of actors. Mediation is not a one-size-fits-all mechanism, but rather an ensemble of guiding common principles, which we adapt to the complex issues at hand. It is fundamental that we acknowledge this diversity of actors involved, as was mentioned by the Secretary-General in his United Nations Guidance for Effective Mediation, requested by the historical GA Resolution 65/283, the first one about this peaceful dispute settlement mechanism.
We believe this to be the most adequate way to deal with conflicts to which international organizations are party, due to its flexibility and ability to address the needs of a multiplicity of actors. Resolution 65/283 paved the way, consolidating the normative basis and reinforcing encouragement, but a lot remains to be done.
The UN has invaluable experience in peaceful agreements; mere involvement brings credibility and legitimacy to the process, making it an ideal promoter. However, its good office services come from voluntary contributions, which is why the promotion of mediation as a way to solve conflicts to which international organizations are party must be a joint, global effort.
Turkey has been doing its part; we co-created the Group of Friends of Mediation with Finland in 2010, which has reached 46 associates (38 countries and 8 major regional and international organizations including the UN), proving the viability of submitting international organizations to this form of dispute solving. Following its success in the UN, this group was mirrored in the OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe) in 2014, once again showing its solidity and the open reception amongst States and Organizations.
We firmly believe this is the most viable path follow regarding this issue. It is time for individual member-States and non-governmental entities to play their fundamental part via Positive reinforcement.
Go through this site for your research (UNHRC)
Handbook on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status
The CIA World Fact book CIA World Factbook Page: The go-to site for MUNers, the World Factbook is the perfect place to start your MUN research about your assigned country. It has information about your country’s geography, economy, government, population, and many more facts and figures!
World Bank Data
Key Sources to Check Before Every Model UN Conference
- CIA World Factbook Page: The go-to site for MUNers, the World Factbook is the perfect place to start your MUN research about your assigned country. It has information about your country’s geography, economy, government, population, and many more facts and figures!
- Speeches at the United Nations : Want to find out what your country has actually said about your topic at the UN? Using the UN Member States on the Record tool, you can find all the statements your country has made to the UN General Assembly, Economic and Social Council, and Security Council in the past few decades.
- Official Government Website : As a Model UN delegate, you’re representing the government of the country you’re assigned. Check out their website to see what your government has to say about the issue.
- UN Permanent Mission : Check out your country’s permanent mission to the UN to find out who your Permanent Representative to the UN is, find quotes, and search for your country’s position on the most important issues to your committee.
- BBC Timeline : Find the most important events in your country’s history! This can help you figure out why your country has the policies it does, and what your history may be with the other countries in your committee.
- IMUNA Country Profile : The International Model United Nations Association has some quick facts and resources for MUNers on each country – check out yours!
Basic Guidelines for New Delegates
MUN is a simulation of the United Nations Organisation, therefore you are, as a student, considered to behave like a diplomat of the country you represent. In addition, you are a representative of your own school. This double representation implies that you must behave at any times as properly as possible inside the Conference Centre during the conference itself and, outside (public transportation, streets, places such as shops, cafés etc.).
For you as delegate and as for all participants at MUN, Student Officers, Admin Staff, MUN-Directors, a correct outfit is mandatory during the whole time of the conference. This dress code has been fixed in order to prove our respect towards the countries that are represented at the MUN Conference.
Male clothing – A suit, a pair of trousers and jacket – A tie – Dark shoes and dark socks
Female clothing – A skirt, a dress – A pair of trousers – A blouse
Clothes – Sportswear, sport shoes – Jeans – Too short skirts – Traditional clothes – Military uniforms
Accessories – Facial piercing – Coloured hair – Delegation Shawl
How to research a country, an issue?
There are two fields of research that you have to focus on when preparing for any MUN conference. First you need to learn about the country you represent and then there are the issues on the agenda.
When researching your country you have several options. One of them is trying to contact its Embassy in your country. You will find that some Embassies are cooperative and others will be less so. You will just have to try. Another option is to use the Internet. A widely used website for this is the CIA World Factbook. Choose the country you represent and you will find the information you need. If you need a guideline on what you need to know about your country you can refer to the Council of World Affairs. This is a very useful site, by the way, in preparing for many aspects of a conference. Alternatively you might try individual countries’ websites.
The issues on the agenda of a UN conference are taken from the UN website. Hence going to this website and typing in the issue on the agenda into its search engine will be a good way to start your research on these issues. Member states have websites for their Permanent Missions at the UN that can also be useful if you want to learn about the views of your country on a given issue. You can also try its Embassy in your country, but cooperation may again vary. In addition, the UN website contains a lot of useful links with regards to research. It has discussion forums where you can do a pre-conference exchange of views with your fellow delegates and maybe also do some online lobbying.
United Nations http://www.un.org/english
CIA World Fact Book https://www.cia.go
Council of World Affairs of Canada http://www.cowac.orga
Embassies Worldwide http://www.embassyworld.com
The Economist http://www.economist.com
International Debate Education Association http://www.idebate.org/index.php
BBC World http://www.bbcworld.com
UN web-sites – http://www.un.org/en/
• WTO (World Trade Organization) – http://www.wto.org/
• The Economist – one of the best weekly news magazines and website – in your school library http://www.economist.com/
• New Internationalist – especially useful monthly magazine which investigates a major issue and devotes most of the copy to it – in your school library – http://newint.org/
• TIME magazine and website – http://time.com/
• BBC World – http://www.bbc.com/news/world/
• CNN – http://edition.cnn.com/
• International Committee of the Red Cross – https://www.icrc.org/en
• Save the Children Fund http://www.savethechildren.org/site/c.8r
• Oxfam – http://www.oxfam.org/
• CARE – http://www.care.org/
• CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
Checklist on The Country
Name of the country: ______________________________________________________
B) Geography –
- On which continent
- Close to a sea, an ocean YES? NO? Name it/them?
- Landlocked country YES? NO?
- Relief of the country
- is the relief an advantage or a disadvantage YES? NO?
- Name the bordering countries:
C) History and political life
– Independent country YES? NO?
– Former colony YES? NO?
-Independent since when?
– A former colony of which country?
– Actual political regime?
– Is the regime stable YES? NO?
– Name of the Head of State?
– Name of the Head of Government?
– What are the main events of the last 5 years?
D) Cultural Aspects
– What is/are the official language(s)?
– Are there different ethnical groups YES? NO?
– Name them:
– What is/are the main religion(s)?
– Have these elements an influence on:
- The society YES? NO?
- The political life YES? NO?
- The economy YES? NO?
E) Economic Aspects – GDP?
– Dependency and debt:
– Resources: o Energy:
- Services (trade, transport, tourism):
– Is it an MEDC YES? NO?
– Is it an LEDC YES? NO?
– Member of an economic organization YES? NO?
II International Position
- A) Defense
– Military independence YES? NO?
– Member of a military alliance YES? NO?
– Name it:
– Nuclear weapon YES? NO?
- B) Influential position
– Member of the United Nations since when?
– Regularly member of the Security Council YES? NO?
– Last times member?
– Regularly member of ECOSOC YES? NO?
– Last times member?
– Member of international organizations YES? NO?
– Name them:
– Relationship with the bordering countries:
- C) Useful complementary information
Checklist on The Organization
I. Name of the organization (give the full name and the acronym):
- Identity Location of the Head Office:
- Background on the organization:
- Official aims of the organization:
- The aims of the organization are compatible with those of the United Nations because
- Budget of the organization:
II. Actions of The Organization What are the different actions led by the organization (try to be specific on the different fields of the actions)?
- Localization of the interventions of the organization. Give 2/3 examples
- Who were helped by these interventions? (give figures and various examples if possible):
III. Needs of The Organization
- What are the financial needs of the organization?
- What are the material needs of the organization?
IV. Partners of The Organization
Who are the partners of the organization? Why?
- New Interventions to Be Set Up
What kind of interventions the organization would like to set up in the future?
Checklist on The Issue
Name of the issue
- Official Definition of Key Words
- Official References/Documents
– Resolution/Declaration (1): Number:
– Resolution/Declaration (2): Number:
– Resolution/Declaration (3): Number:
– Any other websites relevant to the issue
– Last conference on the issue? Location:
– Name of the commission/council/organization working on the issue:
– Website of the commission/council/organization:
– Summarize on what the conference has debated/ decided on the issue:
III. Current Situation On the Issue Give figures, locations, any other information relevant to the issue:
- Position of the Country/The Organization On The Issue Did the country sign/ratify any documents (e.g. resolution, treaty) on the issue YES? ο NO? ο Give specific references:
Has the country done anything relevant to the issue YES? NO?
What elements the country could be ready to add/to change on the issue
How to write a policy statement?
In preparation of an MUN conference, you should write a policy statement. This is a document that briefly and clearly explains the policies of your country/organization with respect to the issues dealt with at the conference. There are two important reasons for drawing up this document:
– On the one hand, it forces you to focus on the exact points of view of your country/organization;
– On the other hand, it serves as a reference document to your delegation members and committee members during the conference.
Thus, policy statements may provide an excellent tool in the lobbying process; they may also serve as the basis for your opening speech in your committee.
In order to produce a useful policy statement, you ought to carry out thorough research. You should also bear in mind that a policy statement consists of five parts in which you:
- Explain and define the issue and its most important terms;
- Provide a short summary of recent international action related to the issue;
- Refer to key documents that relate to the issue;
- State the country’s general position on the issue;
- Make suggestions of your own that are in line with your country’s policies to provide a solution to the issue.
To sum up, the policy statement sets out to answer three basic questions:
- What is the background to your country’s point of view on the issue?
- What is your country’s current position on the issue?
- What does it hope to achieve in relation to the issue? Additionally, you might add strength to your position by answering the following question:
- What have other member states that share my country’s view done in this area? You can carry out most of your research online, but it might also be an excellent idea to contact the embassy of the country you are representing in order to ask politely if they are willing to comment on the accuracy of your policy statement.
In a sense, the brevity and clarity of your policy statement shows how well you have prepared for the conference. Make sure that you read out your policy statement to your fellow delegates at several stages of your research. You will be surprised to find how many things that are clear to you as an expert on an issue are hard to understand for those who have not carried out your research. Your fellow-delegates’ questions and comments will lead to a clearer document that will be an excellent starting-point for your lobbying, resolutions and opening speech.
A SAMPLE POLICY STATEMENT
QUESTION OF: Measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction Brazil fervently supports measures to support the Weapons of Mass Destruction Branch of the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs in its attempts to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction (WMD), as it firmly believes such efforts are necessary to combat the global threat of terrorism. Brazil endorses the Outcome Document of the 2005 World Summit, adopted 13 September 2005, which condemns terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and strives to set up an international system that strictly monitors the transfer of materials that may be used to produce WMD. Brazil, one of the driving forces behind the 1967 Treaty of Tlatelolco, which turned Latin America into the world’s first nuclear-free zone, applauds the recent efforts made by the Members of the UN to free the world of any type of WMD. We feel especially responsible as our nation commands huge uranium resources. We view with satisfaction the recent efforts of Member States to prevent the use of WMD by terrorists. However, Brazil expresses its deepest regret that, in spite of recent efforts to combat the acquisition of WMD by terrorist groups, some countries have refused to abide by the will of the international community. It is our deepest interest to ensure a world untroubled by the transfer of WMD and materials that can be used in the production of any such weapons.
How to write a draft resolution?
There are two fields of research that you have to focus on when preparing for any MUN conference. First you need to learn about the country you represent and then there are the issues on the agenda.
Before an MUN Conference, you write one or two draft resolutions. The issues of the resolutions can be found in the agenda of the conference. With a draft resolution in your hand, you will participate actively during the debates. A resolution is initially a formal statement of a proposal to a UN Council, Committee or Commission. It consists of one long, but coherent, sentence divided into clauses and sub clauses. A resolution should not represent the position of one country but rather of a majority of the UN member states.
The language of a UN resolution is very formal, diplomatic and somewhat legalistic. In order to help you, please read the 4 following questions:
The preamble is the introduction of the resolution. It contains the background and the argumentation to the issue you have chosen.
You will write your references to former UN resolutions, ratified conventions, and/or declarations. You will provide official figures, the most recent ones possible, to illustrate the issue. You will congratulate countries and/or organizations (i.e. UN organizations, NGOs) which have worked on the issue. You will emphasis the difficulties that have been encountered in the past. You will need to begin the pre ambulatory clauses with a present or a past participle or an adjective. See the following list
Acknowledging Affirming Alarmed by Approving Aware of Believing Bearing in mind Confident Congratulating Expecting Expressing its appreciation Expressing its satisfaction Fulfilling Fully alarmed Fully aware Fully believing Further deploring Further recalling Noting with appreciation Noting with approval Noting with deep concern Noting with regret Noting with satisfaction Observing Pointing out Reaffirming Realizing Convinced Declaring Deeply concerned Deeply conscious Deeply disturbed Deeply regretting Deploring Desiring Emphasizing Guided by Having adopted Having considered Having devoted attention Having examined Having received Having studied Keeping in mind Noting further Recalling Recognizing Referring Reminding Seeking Taking into account Taking into consideration Viewing with appreciation Welcoming
The operative clauses contain the policy statements of the body making the resolution. The clauses should be clear and unambiguous. They present by order of importance what the UN should do or what attitude it should adopt.
This question is the most difficult one. You must ensure that your proposals are actually workable and that they fully reflect the existing policies of the country or agency that you represent. You encourage, and/or invite countries to sign/ratify a convention/declaration. You may propose, welcome or deplore all new situations. You may support, congratulate or refuse new proposals. You may confirm, regret what it is already existing. You have to begin the operative clauses with verbs in the third person singular of the Present Tense. See the following list.
|Accepts Affirms Approves Asks Authorizes Calls for Calls upon Congratulates Confirms Declares Accordingly Deplores Designates Encourages Endorses Expresses its satisfaction Expresses its hope Further recommends Hopes Invites Proclaims Proposes Recommends Regrets Requests Resolves Seeks Strongly affirms Strongly urges Suggests Supports Trusts Transmits Urges|
Rather than just borrowing/copying clauses from UN resolutions or resolutions from previous conferences, you will be in a much better position to defend and debate during the conference if you write your own resolution from scratch.
The heading, which appears on each page, must state specific information:
FORUM: you write down the forum you belong to.
QUESTION OF: you copy the issue of the resolution.
SUBMITTED BY: you write down the name of your delegation country or organization
The opening verb of each clause is underlined.
There is a line-space between each clause.
The lines of the resolution are NOT numbered.
Each operative clause is numbered.
The sub-clauses begin with a), b), c), etc.;
sub-sub-clauses begin with i), ii), iii), etc.
Acronyms and abbreviation are written out in full the first time they are used. Each pre-ambulatory clause is followed by a comma. Each operative clause is followed by a semicolon.There is only one full stop, that is, at the END of the resolution. Do make sure that you not only take a number of hard copies of your draft resolution but also an electronic version (e.g. USB, flash disk, iPod, etc.) You should have enough copies to distribute to other members of his forum during the lobbying process.
A Sample Resolution Forum
GENERAL ASSEMBLY QUESTION OF:
Peace, security and reunification on the Korean peninsula
SUBMITTED BY: _______________________
The General Assembly,
Recalling its resolution 55/11 of 31 October 2000, in which it welcomed and supported the inter-Korean summit and the joint declaration adopted on 15 June 2000 by the two leaders of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea,
Reaffirming the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations regarding the maintenance of international peace and security,
Convinced that inter-Korean dialogue and cooperation are essential for consolidating peace and security on the Korean peninsula and also contribute to peace and stability in the region and beyond, inconformity with the purposes and principles of the Charter,
Recognizing that the summit held in Pyongyang from 2 to 4 October 2007 between the two leaders and their Declaration on the Advancement of North-South Korean Relations, Peace and Prosperity represent a major milestone in improving inter-Korean relations,
Recalling the statements welcoming the inter-Korean summit made on 1 October 2007 by the Secretary-General and the President of the General Assembly, and recalling also the statement welcoming the adoption of the Declaration made on 4 October 2007 by the Secretary-General,
- Welcomes and supports the inter-Korean summit held from 2 to 4 October 2007 and the Declaration on the Advancement of North-South Korean Relations, Peace and Prosperity adopted on 4 October 2007 by the two leaders of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea;
- Encourages the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea to implement the Declaration fully and in good faith, thereby consolidating peace on the Korean peninsula and laying a solid foundation for peaceful reunification;
- Invites Member States to continue to support and assist, as appropriate, the process of inter-Korean dialogue, reconciliation and reunification so that it may contribute to peace and
How to write an opening speech
If you are the Ambassador for the country you represent at THIMUN, you can be asked to do an opening speech before the General Assembly (GA for short). An opening speech, should last 1 minute. In this minute, you should address very clearly to the audience the position of the country/organization you represent on the primary concerns about the state of the world.
There are a few things to keep in mind when preparing for an opening speech: – First of all, there is the beginning of the speech. It is customary to address the President of the GA and the delegates present by starting your speech, saying something like: ‘Honourable President, Distinguished Delegates’ – and then go on to the main body of your speech. The main body of your speech should address the issue on the agenda your Delegation feels most strongly about. Some delegates think that this part of the speech should be funny and entertaining. This is not what the speech is about at all. Keep it diplomatic and concentrate on getting one single message across. It is standard practice to end the speech with a flourish such as: ‘Thank you, Mister President’.
When speaking to the GA at THIMUN, you can be easily in awe of the number of people you are facing. You will be nervous. The best way to overcome this is by practising the delivery of your speech in your school and having your MUN Director present and also maybe your fellow delegates. Ask them what they think about your speech and adjust it if you think it needs that.
You should open your speech with a strong sentence to gain audience attention.
Also, when delivering your speech, you must remember to speak slowly and clearly. As a rule of thumb, you are speaking slowly enough when you think to yourself: ‘I am speaking too slowly now.’ Have the speech timed and see that it does not exceed the time allotted to you. If necessary, the President will remind you that your time is almost up by saying: ‘Will the Delegate please come to His closing remarks’. If you hear this said to you, please act accordingly.
With regards to vocabulary and use of English, if you are a native speaker, bear in mind that there will be non-native speakers in your audience. If you are a non-native speaker, do not worry about making mistakes. You will not be the only one to make them.
Summing up, an opening speech consists of an opening flourish, a main body that drives home one point only and a closing flourish
A Sample Opening Speech
Honourable President, Distinguished Delegates,
France recognizes the need for multilateral efforts to achieve a greater balance in terms of development between the nations in the world. However, France also believes that any hope of achieving an acceptable economic balance in terms of global standards of living must take into consideration the environmental impact of such efforts.
France applauds the recent changes in tone apparent in the North-South dialogue and calls for greater attention to be paid to the interrelatedness of development planning and environmental security. Environmental threats from industrialization must be eliminated from development planning. This is why France stands firmly behind the idea that aid and investment should occur at the local level, where traditional knowledge about the environment can play an important role in the development.
Thank you, Mister President
What is lobbying ?
This is probably the most important yet baffling part of the conference. The key to successful lobbying is to be pro-active, which means taking active steps to present and discuss your proposals. Keep an eye on the fact that the aim is to negotiate in order to reach consensus.
Before the start of the formal conference you informally try to gain the interest and support of other delegates for their draft resolution. As a basis for a draft resolution, a well-researched and well-written policy statement can be used. You may find other delegates with a similar resolution and decide to merge the two, making the resolution stronger and more likely to succeed in debate. This is the time for delegates to air their views. Allies need to be found to support the draft resolution. Sometimes a delegate might abandon his/her own resolution in favour of another, better one.
Your draft resolution should not be longer than two A4 pages, and be clearly expressed in the official format (see How to Write A Resolution). It forms the basis for discussion and you should expect your resolutions to be merged with others as long as national interests and security are not undermined. You should create resolutions that are representative of the policies of specific interest groups and that make realistic recommendations for actions to be taken in dealing with the issues.
The Chairs should coordinate the work of the delegates in the lobbying process to prevent unrealistic or illogical resolutions being produced. This is the time when you will try to obtain sufficient co-submitters to register your resolution. Generally, time spent on lobbying usually results in a stronger resolution.
What happens during debate time?
- Definition of Key Words Used in The Forums The chair:
The chairman or chairperson is the one conducting the debate and maintaining order while remaining totally impartial.
The house: All the members of the forum except the chairman. The submitter: The person who is proposing the motion in the form of a draft resolution for debate.
The motion: The proposal for debate, which will eventually be voted upon. A point of information: A question directed either to the speaker who has the floor or to the chairman by a delegate of the house who has been duly recognized by the chairman.
A point of order: A question directed to the chairman by a delegate of the house who feels that a mistake has been made in the order of debate or who requires clarification of the rules of procedure.
A point of personal privilege: A question directed to the chairman by a delegate who refers to the comfort and well-being of the house (e.g.: audibility, temperature in the house).
To have the floor: To have been given the right to speak in debate before the house.
To yield the floor: To give up one’s right to the floor either finally or temporally for a point of information to be asked.
- Modes Of Address During Formal Debates
A. Parliamentary behavior by delegates
- Speakers need to address each other in the Third Person at all times. Always “honorable speaker” or “fellow delegates”, never “You” or “I”.
- Delegates should stand when speaking and should not sit down until after the speaker has finished answering the delegate’s question.
- Delegates must avoid the use of insulting or abusive language.
- Delegates should address the chair and the house before presenting their speech Example: “ Honorable Chair, fellow delegates…”
- Definition of Key Words Used in The Forums The chair:
B. Phrases to be used by delegates of the house –
– “The delegate of … requests the floor” or “wishes the floor”.
– “The delegate of … would like to rise a point of information/ point of order”. – “The delegate of … wishes to speak in favor of/against this motion/resolution/amendment because…”.
– “Is the chair /the speaker (not) aware that…”.
– “Does the speaker (not) agree with me that…”.
– “The speaker stated in his/her speech… Doe he/she (not) realize that…”.
– “The delegate of … moves to amend the resolution by striking/inserting/adding the words…”
– “The delegate of … urges the house to give its support by voting for/against this motion/resolution/amendment”.
- Phrases to be used by the chairman –
“The house will come to order” or “Will the house please come to order”.
– “The chair calls upon the delegate of … (the submitter) to read the resolution to the house”.
– “The house has heard the resolution. Is there a second?”.
– “The chair fixes a debate time of 10 minutes for and 10 minutes against the motion”.
– “The delegate of … has the floor”.
– “All points are out of order until the speaker has concluded his/her speech”. – “The chair recognizes the delegate of…”.
– “To what point does the delegate of … rise?”.
– “Please rise and state you point of information/point of order”.
– “Will you please state your point in a form of a question”.
– “The speaker appears not to have heard/understood your question”.
– “Will you please repeat/rephrase your question”.
– “Are there any further points on the floor?”.
– “Are there any further points of information to this speaker?”.
– “There is a point of order on the floor. Please rise and state your point”.
– “Your point is (not) well taken”.
– “Will the speaker please make his/her concluding remarks”.
– “Debate time for/against the resolution/the amendment has been exhausted/has expired. Will the speaker please yield the floor”?
|Motion||Purpose||In Order when another has Floor||Must be Seconded||Debatable||Vote Required|
|Adjourn||Closes a meeting or session||No||Yes||No||Majority|
|Amend a pending motion||Changes a pending resolution or motion||No||Yes||If motion to be amended is||Majority|
|Appeal a decision of the chair||Appeals ruling of the chair; requires consent of chair and may be ruled out of order||Yes||Yes||debatable Chair and maker of motion||Majority in negative to reverse chair’s decision|
|Close debate Division of the||Ends debate and moves into voting procedure Separates the consideration of a motion or||No||Yes||2 Pro |
|Introduce a working paper||Brings a working paper approved by the chair to the floor for general debate||No||Yes||No||Majority|
|Lay on the table||Puts a motion aside for later consideration||No||Yes||No||Majority|
|Moderated caucus||Brings the body into a moderated debate on a specific issue on the floor for a specified amount of time||No||Yes||No||Majority|
|Point of Information||Allows member to ask questions about parliamentary procedure and previous speeches||Yes||No||No||N/A|
|Point of Order||When a member thinks that the rules of the assembly are being violated||Yes||No||No||N/A|
|Point of Privilege||When a member is experiencing personal discomfort or impediments to debate||Yes||No||No||N/A|
|Open debate||Moves committee into formal debate and opens the primary speakers list||No||Yes||No||Majority|
|Reconsider||Considers a motion again||No||Yes||Depends||Majority|
|Right of Reply||Requested when a delegate feels personally insulted Must be submitted in writing to the Chair||No||No||No||Chair’s discretion|
|Roll call vote||Requests chair to conduct roll call vote on a resolution||Yes||Yes||No||Only requires second|
|Set Working Agenda||Sets the order in which the agenda will be discussed||No||Yes||2 Pro|
|Set speaking time||Sets the speaking time at a specified amount||No||Yes||2 Pro|
|Unmoderated Caucus||Temporarily suspends the meeting for a specified amount of time||No||Yes||No||Majority|
|Withdrawal of a motion||Removes or modifies motion after Chair has stated the question on the motion||Yes||No, unless made by maker of motion||No||Unanimous consent, unless objection|
Registration (Letter from MUN Director)
Dear Faculty Advisors
Our Second iteration of Delhi Public School Rau Model United Nation, Envision, Empower, Exceed….It’s yours!! will be held from March 31 to April 2, 2023, with the March 20, 2023, registration dead line, the conference registration for delegate Rs. 2000/- and has galloped, quickly place yourself for P5 countries as there are only a few spot left. We would love to see your delegation among the many that join us this summer! As in previous years, DPSRMUN is using the Google form to streamline the registration process; the website can be accessed here or copying and pasting the www.dpsrau.org
We are very enthusiastic about holding another conference. If, at any point, you have questions about the conference or registration; please do not hesitate to reach out to us via email at [email protected]
Link for the Google Form here: https://forms.gle/aWPDYX9cLKEFgC6F8 (if unable to open, kindly copy and paste the link in the browser)
We look forward to our best conference yet!
We know DPSRMUN’s committees will be not only the core of your conference experience but also a highlight. Prepare to engage in thrilling debate and discussion, and be ready to make amazing friends and memories along the way.
March 31to April 2, 2023
Day 1 – School Uniform, Day 2, western formal and Indian tradition (Loksabha)
Mumbai – Agra National Highway,
Near, Rau Circle, Behind Silicon Valley,
Indore, Madhya Pradesh 453331
Rs 2000 is the Registration fee, and Google form is shared in website.
Form for School Delegations
This form is to be returned along with all requisite attachments by March 20, 2023. The form can be submitted to the DPSR postal address or to be e-mailed to [email protected]
SECTION 1: School Contact Details
- SCHOOL DETAILS
|Name of School:|
MUN DIRECTOR / TEACHER DETAILS
Section 2: Payment Details:
Please submit the payments either by:
( ) Cheque or demand draft ( payable to Delhi Public School Rau ,Indore)
( ) Online payments
In case of online payment, please transfer to:
|PAYMENT TRANSFER DETAILS|
|SAVINGS BANK ACCOUNT||DELHI PUBLIC SCHOOL A/C RAU|
|NAME OF THE BANK||HDFC BANK LTD.|
|ADDRESS||KK PLATINUM, GROUND FLOOR, NEAR AURA MALL, BHOPAL (M.P.)|
All schools are requested to fill a self-declaration form given below on their letterhead when they remit payments online. Delegations will be allocated to schools only after full payment is made.
(To be typed on school letterhead)
Self-declaration for the details of the payment made for participation in DPSRMUN to be held between March 31 to April 2, 2023.
Delhi Public School, Rau
Dear Sir/ Madam,
Sub: Details for the remittance made to you via bank transfer for the participation fees.
In order to register to participate in the DPSRMUN Conference we are remitting from (Name of the school) __________, (School Address): ___________, (Country) ________________, towards the cost of participation charges in favour of Delhi Public School Rau, Indore in your bank account which is given below:
PAYMENT TRANSFER DETAILS
SAVINGS BANK ACCOUNT
NAME OF THE ACCOUNT
Amount transferred as participation fees is as follows:
INR ________________ (Amount in words), _______________ only.
We declare that the amount has been paid towards the cost of participation charges for the DPSRMUN Conference, 2023 hosted by Delhi Public School Rau, Indore.
We understand our obligations with regard to attendance and fees payable and agree to abide by the conditions and agree to abide by the conditions and requirements.
Signature of MUN-Director Signature of Head of School
Title and school seal
DPSRMUN is pleased to announce that we have negotiated special rates with the Enrise by Sayaji Rau, Indore, where out station delegates will be stationed. The Enrise by Sayaji Rau, Indore, is located near Rau and is very close to our school. Please see below for information on pricing and the reservation process. Please note that delegates and faculty advisors are requested to book the rooms as per their need.
We have negotiated special rates for DPSRMUN attendees at the hotel. The nightly rates are as follows:
Enrise by Sayaji Rau, indore
Single occupancy: Rs.4000+ Taxes
Double occupancy: 5500+ Taxes
Triple occupancy: 6700 +TAXES
Complimentary: Dinner, Wi-Fi, Unlimited water bottles
Address : 27/1, 27/2, VILLAGE PIGDAMBAR, RAU, TEHSIL MHOW, Mumbai – Agra National Hwy, Indore, Madhya Pradesh 453331
PAPAYA TREE Group of Hotels – Indore
Single occupancy : 3500+Tax
Double occupancy : 4500+Tax
Triple occupancy : 5500+Tax
Address: AB Road, Near Dr. Hardia Eye Clinic, Rau, Indore MP